Skype guitar lessons
Skype guitar lessons
Skype Guitar Lessons Online
Skype Guitar Lessons Online

Functioning and Non Functioning Dominants

Hi Everyone, in this lesson we will look at functioning and non-functioning (static) Dominant chords.

 

When I first started to learn to play the guitar I kept on hearing the term functioning dominants and it sometime before I finally understood what this term meant. Later when I started playing jazz I started to realize how important these terms where and also their meanings.

 

What is a function Dominant Chord?

First of all, its important to understand what a Dominant chord is.

Let’s quickly go back to the information we covered in the lesson on diatonic harmony.

If we look at the scale of C the chords created when we harmonize the scale are

 

 

C Major Scale

So starting from G as the root we have the B which is a major 3rd, Then the D which is a perfect fifth from G Then the seventh note is F which is a minor seventh interval from the G. Because the chords have to be diatonic this note has to be the note of F and not F# which would give us G major 7

 

Ok

When we play the G7 chord or V Chord the sound of the chord creates a tension that wants to resolve to the I chord. This sound can be heard in many songs and chord progressions

 

Blues uses a I, IV, V progression and in the final bars or cadence the V7 chord resolves back to the I chord.

 

We also hear this is ii, V, I progression Dm7, G7, C maj7

 

When the V7 Chord resolves back to the I chord this is known as a functioning Dominant Chord.

 

The movement is either a Perfect fourth ascending of a perfect fifth descending.

Below we see the root note of G moving a perfect fourth to the C root on third fret of the A string which is a perfect fourth interval ascending

In the example below we see that the Root of G7 moves down 3 frets and down to the C note of the Low E or 6th string which is a perfect 5th interval descending.

A Nonfunctioning Dominant or Static Dominant chord is any dominant chord that moves to another chords that is not acting as a functioning dominant. i.e. it doesn’t resolve to the I chord.

 

Why is this important to know?

Well if you can identify your functioning Dominant chords then you can Alter these chords which will be looking at in a later lesson.

 

Written By Geoff Sinker

Contact Us Today!

If you would like to get more details on Skype or a list of all online courses that we offer please feel free to contact.
Phone: +971 0 505463824

Click Here To Contact Me By Email
Follow Us

Please Follow Us On Social Media

Delicious Save this on Delicious

Want To See More Lesson Videos?

Then check out the Guitar Tutorial Video Website

Thousands of Free video lessons available from all over the internet. Check out my section

Print Print | Sitemap
© Geoffrey Sinker - Geoff Sinker